There are currently 315 names in this directory
The process directly following a background check where the investigation results are reviewed to determine if a candidate, meets, or doesn't meet requirements for the job position for which they are applying. Results are compared against the following standards
Withheld adjudication generally refers to a decision by a judge to put a person on probation without an adjudication of guilt. It means a person is not found guilty legally by the court. If the
Adjudication Withheld – Non-conviction:
The court does not give a final judgment regarding the case. The defendant is given probation, a program or community service in which they have a specified amount of time to complete. If the defendant complies, the case may be dismissed, depending on the county/state. If they do not dismiss in that particular county / state, then the disposition remains adjudication withheld and the case is closed. However, if the defendant is found in violation, the case disposition may be changed and the defendant can be found guilty.
The ability to automate a judgment based on background screening outcome. This judgment often results in “meets requirements” or “does not meet requirements” outcome. Once adjudication takes place automatic distribution and/or adverse action can occur.
To make void; to dissolve that which once existed, as to annul a marriage. Annulment wipes out or invalidates the entire marriage, whereas a divorce only ends a marriage from that point on and does not affect the former validity of the marriage.
A request to a higher court to review and reverse the decision of a lower court. On an appeal, no new evidence is introduced. The higher court is limited to considering whether the lower court erred on a question of law or gave a decision plainly contrary to the evidence presented in the trial. An appeal cannot be made until the lower court renders a final judgment.
Submitting a controversy to an impartial person, the arbitrator, chosen by the two parties in the dispute to determine an equitable settlement. Where the parties agree to be bound by the determination of the arbitrator, the process is called Binding Arbitration.
An impartial person chosen by the parties to solve a dispute between them, who is empowered to make a final determination concerning the issue(s) in controversy, who is bound only by his/her own discretion, and from whose decision there is no appeal.
The place where records are stored after a certain specified period of time. The period of time a record is held at a court of record may differ between courts and states.
ARD (Accelerated Rehabilitation Disposition)
For a criminal case; 1st offender program. If program is completed and fines/costs are paid, there is a possibility that the charge(s) might be dismissed.
Robbery aggravated by the fact that it is committed by a defendant armed with a dangerous weapon, whether or not the weapon is used in the course of committing the crime.
To bring a defendant to court to answer the charge under which an indictment has been handed down.
An initial step in the criminal process in which the defendant is formally charged with an offense, given a copy of the complaint, indictment, information, or other accusatory instrument, and informed of his/her constitutional rights, including the pleas he/she may enter.
That which is unpaid although due to be paid. A person in arrears is behind in payment.
An attempt or apparent attempt to inflict bodily injury upon another by using unlawful force, accompanied by the apparent ability to injure that person if not prevented. An assault need not result in touching so as to constitute a battery. Thus, no physical injury needs to be proved to establish an assault. An assault may be either civil or criminal. Some jurisdictions have defined criminal assault to include battery, the actual physical injuring.
A check that is dishonored on presentation because of insufficient funds (NSF), unavailable funds, or a closed bank account. Issuing a bad check is a form or larceny (theft).
An amount of money set by a judge at an initial appearance to ensure the return of an accused at subsequent proceedings.
Bail / Bon Forfeiture – Non-conviction:
The charges against the defendant are dropped. Not enough evidence to convict.
The unlawful touching of or use of force on another person willfully or in anger. Battery may be considered either a tort, giving rise to civil liability for damages to the victim or a crime. Compare assault.
A court order for the arrest of a person; commonly issued to compel a person's attendance before the court to answer a charge of contempt or if a witness or a defendant fails to attend after a subpoena has been duly served.
An illegal demand for money or property under threat of harm or exposure of undesirable acts.
Blind specimen or blind performance test specimen:
A specimen submitted to a laboratory for quality control testing purposes, with a fictitious identifier, so that the laboratory cannot distinguish it from an employee specimen.
A certificate of obligation either unsecured or secured with collateral, to pay a specified amount of money within a specified period of time.
The permanent loss of property (money in this case) for failure to comply with the law. Interest is accrued. This is not a conviction, nor a finding of innocence.
An operation with the purpose of placing, registering, paying off or collecting debts for bets.
Court finds probable cause exists to believe the accused committed the offense charged and binds the charge over to superior court.
Failure to perform some contracted-for or agreed-upon act or to comply with a legal duty owed to another or to society.
Breach of Contract
A wrongful nonperformance of any contractual duty of immediate performance; failing to perform acts promised, by hindering or preventing such performance or by repudiating the duty to perform.
Breaking and Entering
Two of the elements necessary to constitute a burglary, consisting of the use of physical force, however slight, to remove an obstruction to an entrance. For example, pushing open a door that is ajar, followed by unauthorized entry into a building, is sufficient to constitute the breaking and entering elements of a burglary.
The voluntary giving of something of value to influence the performance of an official duty.
Possessing of any tool, instrument or other article adapted or commonly used for committing any form of burglary.
A drug or alcohol test that has a problem identified that cannot be or has not been corrected, or which otherwise requires to be cancelled. A cancelled test is neither a positive nor a negative test.
The Latin meaning is, That You Take. This is the name for several types of writs, which require that a law enforcement official take a named defendant into custody.
Case Sent to Collections
Case sent to a collection agency to collect on past due fines, fees or court costs.
Cause of Action
A claim in law and fact sufficient to form the basis of a valid lawsuit, as a breach of contract; the composite of facts that gives rise to a right of action. Right of action is the legal right to sue.
Chain of Custody:
The procedure used to document the handling of the urine specimen from the time the employee gives the specimen to the collector until the specimen is destroyed. This procedure uses the Federal Drug Testing Custody and Control Form (CCF).
In criminal law, a charge is an allegation that an individual has committed a specific offense.
The amount of money the court requires one spouse to pay to the other who has custody of the children born of marriage, may be imposed by the court with or without an award of alimony.
An order issued by a law enforcement officer requiring appearance in court to answer a charge. Bail is not accepted in lieu of appearance.
Courts that try persons accused of violating municipal ordinances. City courts may have jurisdiction over minor civil or criminal cases, or both.
A branch of law that pertains to suits other than criminal practice and is concerned with the rights and duties of persons.
Failure to do something ordered by the court for the benefit of another party to the proceedings.
An action to protect a private right or to compel a civil remedy in a dispute between private parties, as distinguished from a criminal prosecution.
A violent public disturbance by three or more people, which causes danger, damage or injury to property or persons.
The use of physical force or threats to compel someone to commit an act against his or her will.
1. In a civil action, the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim is based. 2. In criminal law, the preliminary charge or accusation made by one person against the other.
The receipt by an individual of consideration in exchange for an agreement nor to prosecute or inform on someone who they know has committed a crime.
A conviction. Court issues the discharge from the jail and requires defendant to comply with some conditions. Regardless whether defendant complies with rules or not, he/she is still convicted (Guilty) and case can never be expunged.
The release from a correctional facility before full sentence has been served which is conditioned on specific behavior. If conditions are not met the individual may be returned to the facility.
The coming together of two or more people for the purpose of committing an unlawful act or to commit an unlawful act by unlawful means.
The person who is the subject of the background report; the person who is seeking employment, retention, or promotion by an employer.
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau/Agency
Created under The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2010, it is unknown at this time what role the CFPB will play in the regulation of Consumer Reporting Agencies that conduct background investigations.
Under the FCRA, one of two official names for a background report. The other name is “investigative consumer report.” Most often the distinction between a “consumer report” and an “investigative consumer report” is that a “consumer report” contains only factual information while an “investigative consumer report” contains some opinions. Example: “Was s/he employed by your company?” This calls for a factual response. “How did s/he perform on the job?” This calls for an opinion.
Contempt of Court
An act or omission tending to interfere with orderly administration of justice, or to impair the dignity of the court or respect for its authority.
The adjournment or postponement, to a specified subsequent date, of an action pending in court.
A promise; a transaction involving two or more individuals whereby each has reciprocal rights to demand performance of what is promised.
Drug whose general availability is restricted, regulated or outlawed because of its potential for abuse or addiction. Controlled substances include narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and cannabis (marijuana).
An association of shareholders (or a single shareholder) created under law as an artificial person, having a legal entity separate from the individuals who compose it, with the capacity of continuous existence or succession, and the capacity of taking, holding, and conveying property, and the capacity of suing and being sued, and exercising like a natural person other powers that are conferred on it by law. A corporation is normally limited to its assets; the shareholders are thus protected against
An offense named in a cause of action. A cause of action may contain multiple counts or charges, each relating to the others but identifying a separate offense.
Forged; fabricated without right; made of imitation of something else to defraud by passing the false copy for genuine.
Court of Limited Jurisdiction
Court that has authority to adjudicate cases of a certain kind or up to a limited amount, usually lesser offenses (opposite of Court of General Jurisdiction).
Credit Card Fraud
Use, or attempted use of a credit card to purchase goods or services with the intent to avoid payment of such.
Acts disrespectful of the court or its process that obstruct administration of justice.
A crime against property; the willful damaging of the property of another. Such offenses may include throwing rocks through windows, spray painting graffiti, slashing car tires or other acts of vandalism.
Blame, or responsibility for a crime. This may be in degrees or purposeful, knowingly, recklessly or by negligence.
A sentence that takes effect after a prior sentence is completed for crimes tried under the same cause of action.
Monetary compensation that the law awards to one who has been injured by the action of another;
Dangerous Weapon (or Instrument)
Almost any device that has the potential to cause serious bodily injury or endanger life.
Latin for ,anew, or ,afresh., Usually used as Trial De Novo. New trial, or one that is held for a second time, as if there had been no previous trial or decision.
Any device capable of causing death or serious bodily injury. An instrument may be intrinsically deadly, as a knife or pistol, or deadly because of the way it is used, as a wrench or hammer.
One who owes another anything, or is under obligation, arising from express agreement, implication of law, or principles of natural justice, to pay money or to fulfill some other obligation; in bankruptcy or similar proceedings, the person who is the subject of the proceedings.
1. A judgment against defendant who has failed to respond to plaintiff's action or to appear at the trial or hearing; 2. Judgment given without the defendant being heard in his own defense.
Deferred Adjudication of Guilt
The final judgment is delayed for a period of time. Can be likened to probation before a final verdict. If, probation, is completed without the incident, the charges are usually dropped and the case if dismissed. During the, probationary period the disposition is not necessarily considered a conviction.
The judge doesn't make a finding of guilt; he assigns probation. If probation is completed with incident, the charges are usually dropped.
Defendant found to have committed the crime, conditions imposed and now awaits sentencing on final outcome.
Degree (First, Second, or Third, A, B, or C)
Classification assigned to a crime, depending on circumstances, for purposes of determining punishment. First degree is considered more serious than third; A is more serious that C. Degrees may be assigned to the actual crime (IE murder in the first or second degree) or the class of crimes (IE felony or misdemeanor).
A determination by a jury, made at the direction of the judge. A directed verdict happens in cases where there has been a lack of evidence, an overwhelming amount of evidence, or where the law is in favor of one of the parties.
1. To satisfy or dismiss the obligations of contract or debt; 2. The method by which a legal duty is extinguished.
Refers to the document and the process of informing an applicant/employee that they will be the subject of a background report.
Finally disposing of the cause without further consideration. May be voluntary or involuntary. When involuntary, there is usually lack of prosecution or failure to produce sufficient evidence.
Dismissal Without Leave After Deferred
Prosecution Charges dismissed after specified time (90 days to 1 year) provided certain conditions have been met such as participating in specified program of anger control or drug counseling or providing community service, etc.
The judge orders the disposing of an action without trial of the issues involved or without any further consideration or hearing.
Dismissed Without Prejudice
Such a dismissal is not on the merits and does not bar a subsequent suit on the same cause of action, nor affect any right or remedy of the parties.
Broadly signifies conduct that tends to breach the peace or endangers the morals, safety or health of the community.
The final settlement in the matter. Examples of disposed cases are those with a finding or guilt (conviction), innocence, or acquittal. District Court having jurisdiction over a territorial district.
Pre-trial intervention, first-time or petty criminal offenders are not subjected to the regular judicial process, usually placed on probation for no more than 1 yr. Not an admission of guilt or a conviction.
To set aside. A court direction which calls a defendant, who has been found guilty, to attend a work or educational program as part of probation. May include some type of anger management, drug rehab, etc. If the condition of program is met, charge may be considered a non-conviction.
Diversity of Citizenship
A crime of claim which extends between citizens of different states. This is one of the grounds that can be used to invoke the jurisdiction of the U.S. Federal District Court.
The court notifies the Department of Motor Vehicles for non-compliancy in criminal cases to place a hold for renewing a driver's license or car registration until the criminal matters are taken care of.
A reasonable and expected measure of attention taken for a particular action. Not measurable by an absolute standard, but dependent on the situation.
Due Process of Law
Procedures followed by law enforcement and courts to insure the protection of an individual's right as assigned by the Constitution.
Driving while intoxicated, alcohol or drugs. Complete intoxication is not required. Individual states statutes specify the blood alcohol content at which a person is presumed to be under the influence of intoxicating liquor.
This is a signature that is completed electronically, rather than signing a name with a pen or pencil. Special requirements must be met for an electronic signature to be valid in a court of law.
Fraudulent appropriation for one's own use of property lawfully in his/her possession. Embezzlement is often associated with bank employees, public officials or officers of organizations, who may in the course of their lawful activities come into possession of property, such as money, actually owned by others.
The physical expulsion of someone from land by the assertion of paramount title or through legal proceedings.
In behalf of or on the application of one party; by or for one party. Ex parte judicial proceeding is one brought for the benefit of one party only, without notice to or challenge by an adverse party. An ex parte judicial proceeding the adverse party and his/her evidence are excluded.
Expungement of Records
A procedure whereby a court orders the annulment and destruction of records of an arrest or other court proceedings. Some jurisdictions provide that an individual arrested and not convicted may apply to the court for an order of expungement and that if such an order is granted the individual may regard the arrest and all subsequent proceedings had as having not occurred in contemplation of law. Court ordered expungements may also be available as a remedy for unlawful arrests. Many states permit an expungement remedy as a means of removing civil disabilities following a period of good behavior after a conviction. Even an expunged record may be used for sentence enhancement and as a basis for denial of a federal firearms permit.
Obtaining another's property by actual or threatened force, fear or violence. Extradition The surrender of an individual accused or convicted of a crime by one state to another.
Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)
The primary federal law that governs the preparation, dissemination, and use of background reports for employment purposes.
Fair Credit Reporting Act. Requires that consumer reporting agencies adopt reasonable procedures for meeting the needs of commerce for consumer credit, personnel, insurance, and other information in a manner which is fair and equitable to the consumer, with regard to the confidentiality, accuracy, relevancy, and proper utilization of such information.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
The government agency responsible for the administration of the FCRA. This agency has issued many non-binding opinions interpreting the FCRA
Describing an offense that is done with malicious, villainous criminal intent. IE. Felonious assault.
(Fraudulent Conversion) Similar to embezzlement or theft. An example of felony conversion is if someone sold goods for a company, and kept the money instead of turning it in to the company (North Carolina).
Files Archived / No Longer Available
Cases that are either archived or destroyed. Cases that are archived may required ordering and additional charges.
Final Adverse Action
Referring to the document and the process when a negative Employment decision is made, the applicant/employee receives notice of the decision. Another name for “Final Adverse Action” is “Second Notice.”
A broad term used to cover all kinds of acts. Generally, fraud is the commission of an act with the goal to benefit or gain advantage at another's expense. A purposeful misrepresentation with the intent to deceive.
Georgia 1st Offender Act
O.C.G.A. $ 42-8-62 (In Part), Upon fulfillment of the terms of probation, upon release by the court prior to the termination of the period thereof, or upon release from confinement, the defendant shall be discharged without court adjudication of guilt. The discharge shall completely exonerate the defendant of any criminal purpose and shall not affect any of his civil rights or liberties and the defendant shall not be considered to have a criminal conviction.
A jury to determine whether the facts and accusations presented by the prosecutor warrant an indictment and eventual trial of the accused; called grand because of the relatively large number of jurors impaneled (usually 23) as compared with a Petit Jury.
A judge or jury finds that the evidence proves beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the offense.
Criminal to bring the petitioner before the court to inquire into the legality of his confinement. The writ of Federal habeas corpus is used to test the constitutionality of a state criminal conviction. The writ is used in the civil context to challenge the validity of child custody and deportations.
To have committed the same offense three times. Can also be charged as a habitual offender.
To take control of a vehicle by intimidation, force, or threatened force. Also, the theft of goods while in transit, as when transported in trucks.
The killing of another human being. Justifiable homicide occurs in cases such as during the enforcement of law, and/or occurs without evil intent. Excusable homicide, may occur by accident or in self- defense. Felonious homicide is the killing of another without justification. This type has two degrees, manslaughter and murder, depending on circumstances or intent. See Manslaughter; Murder.
A non-citizen who has not been given permission by immigration authorities to reside in the country in which he/she is living.
Consent when surrounding circumstances exist which would lead a reasonable person to believe that this consent had been given, although no direct, express or explicit words of agreement had been uttered.
A formal written accusation, drawn up and submitted under oath to a grand jury by the public prosecution attorney, charging one or more persons with a crime.
A court order which prohibits a person from doing a specified act for a specified period of time. Intent The frame of mind or attitude of the person at the time an act was committed. See Culpability. Interrogation
Reduction of physical or mental culpabilities caused by the ingestion of an intoxicating substance such as alcohol or drugs.
Investigative Consumer Report
Under the FCRA, one of two official names for a background report. The other name is “consumer report.” Most often the distinction between a “consumer report” and an “investigative consumer report” is that a “consumer report” contains only factual information while an “investigative consumer report” contains some opinions. Example: “Was s/he employed by your company?” This calls for a factual response. “How did s/he perform on the job?” This calls for an opinion.
Issue FIFA; Georgia
to place a lien against. If a business or property is sold, this lien must be paid.
Place used for the detention of persons in the lawful custody of the government, such as a person accused of a crime who is held for trial or a person convicted of a crime who is serving a sentence. If the inmate is confined in a local police station, it is generally referred to as a lock-up; if temporarily confined in a courthouse during a trial, it is generally called a holding cell; if confined in a county facility for a period of 18 mo or less, it is often called a workhouse.
Fictional names used to identify persons in a hypothetical situation in order to explain an issue;
A group, composed of the peers of the parties or a cross section of the community, summoned and sworn to decide on the facts in issue at a trial.
Taking and carrying away a person by force, fraud, threats or intimidation. Unlawfully confining a person for a substantial period of time in an isolated place.
The feloniously taking and carrying away of the personal property of another, without his/her consent, by a person not entitled to possession, with intent to deprive the owner of the property and to convert it to the use of the taker or another person other than the owner. Larceny is sometimes classified as Grand Larceny or Petit Larceny, according to the value of the property taken or method employed.
Leave to File Denied; Cook County, IL
Same as Stricken Off Call With Leave to Reinstate (SOL) (STRICKEN) Legal Malice An act, committed without just cause or excuse, intended to inflict harm or cause death. Lewd and Lascivious
Public officials, including judicial officers who have limited jurisdiction in criminal cases and civil causes.
The state of mind that accompanies the intentional doing of a wrongful act without justification and in wonton or willful disregard of the plain likelihood that harm will result.
Unlawful killing of another without malice aforethought. Voluntary Manslaughter intentional killing committed under circumstances that, although they do not justify the homicide, reduce the evil intent. A charge of manslaughter is appropriate where the defendant killed the victim in rage, terror or desperation. Involuntary Manslaughter consists of a homicide resulting from criminal negligence or recklessness. Voluntary Manslaughter is homicide that is committed during an act in the heat of passion.
The intentional infliction of injury on another which causes amputation, disfigurement or impairs the function of any part of the body.
A trial which is terminated or declared invalid. Reasons for mistrial include misconduct on the part of the jury, defense team or the court, or illness on the part of the judge, jury, or defendant. May be followed by a retrial on the same charges.
Unlawful killing of another human being with premeditated intent or malice aforethought. First Degree Murder is unlawful killing of another that is deliberate and premeditated. Second Degree Murder is unlawful killing of another with malice aforethought but without deliberation an premeditation.
National Crime Information Center. Computerized records used by law enforcement agencies (FBI) to determine criminal records, arrest or bench warrants, or stolen vehicles are guns. This is not public access.
Failure to exercise a degree of care that a person of ordinary prudence would exercise under the same circumstances. Conduct that falls below the standard established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm.
No Bill or No True Bill
The decision by a grand jury that it will not bring indictment against the accused on the basis of the allegations and evidence presented by the prosecutor.
A plea in which the defendant does not contest the charge. This has the same effect as a guilty plea except the conviction cannot be used against the defendant in a civil suit.
No Papered; Washington, DC
No follow up action was made after the initial charge was prepared. No prosecution, no conviction, no further interest. Sometimes a case is No Papered as part of a plea bargain, other times when the case is weak or the officer perhaps didn't complete the necessary paper work.
Nolle Prosequi (Nol Pros)
The state's attorney declares that he or she will not prosecute a case or some charge on a case any further.
Nolo Contendre /No Contest (Latin vs. English)
A statement that the defendant will not contest a charge made by the government.
A judge or jury finds that the evidence does not provide beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant committed the offense.
Notice to Users of Consumer Reports: Obligations of Users under the FCRA
Prepared by the Federal Trade Commission, this document must be provided by the background screening company to employers before background screening information is provided to the employer. This most current version of this document was released on 11/19/04.
Obtain Property under False Pretense
The misrepresentation of the value of something. Passing bad check.
The provide products or service that cater to the sexual gratification of others. To entice another into prostitution.
In criminal law, a conditional release from imprisonment that entitles the person receiving it to serve the remainder of his/her term outside prison if he/she complies with all conditions connected with his/her release. Compare probation.
Petit (Petty) Jury
Ordinary trial jury; whose function is to determine issued of fact in civil and criminal cases and to reach a verdict in conjunction with those findings. While the numbers of jurors has historically been twelve, many states now permit six-member juries in civil cases, and some states permit six-member juries to hear criminal cases as well.
civil The party who is complaining, suing; the Plaintiff has the burden of proof to state their claim against the defendant.
Pre-Sentence Investigation (PSI)
Usually conducted by a probation officer after a plea or verdict of guilt. Done before sentencing and includes information about the defendant's criminal history and personal background.
Also known as adjournment in contemplation of dismissal or conditional dismissal. A program in which a defendant essentially is put on probation for a set period of time and his or her case does not go to trial during that time. If the defendant meets the conditions set by the court, then the charge will be dismissed.
Pre-Trial Intervention (PTI)
A remedial program by which first-time or criminal offenders are not subjected to the regular judicial process, but rather are immediately placed under probationary supervision for a period usually no longer than one year. The program allows persons accused of a crime to avoid the stigma of conviction and a permanent criminal record by correcting their criminal behavior during the period of probation. Pre-conviction probationary programs divert persons from the ordinary criminal process without the admission of guilt or a conviction, and for this, they are called diversionary programs.
Preliminary Adverse Action
Referring to a document and the process when a negative employment decision is being considered, the applicant/employee receives notice, a copy of his/her background report, and A Summary of Your Rights under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. This is also referred to as “Pre-Adverse Action” and “First Notice.”
In criminal law, 1. A hearing, before indictment, to determine whether probable cause for the arrest of a person exists; 2. A hearing to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to warrant the defendant's continued detention and whether submission of such evidence to the grand jury is warranted.
Forethought. As one of the elements of first-degree murder, the term is often equated with intent and deliberateness.
Place used for the detention of persons in the lawful custody of the government, such as a person accused of a crime who is held for trial or a person convicted of a crime who is serving a sentence.
Act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and otherwise executed in accordance with the legal requirements for a will, and of determining its validity.
Procedure where by a defendant is found guilty of a crime, upon a verdict of plea of guilty, is released by the court without imprisonment, subject to conditions imposed by the court, under the supervision of a probation officer. Compare parole
Probation before judgment (PBJ)
Violation of probation terms may result in an entry of a conviction.
1. The act of pursuing a lawsuit or criminal trial; 2. The party initiating a criminal suit, i.e. the state. If the civil litigant or the state in a criminal trial, fails to move the case towards final resolution or trial as required by the court schedule, the matter may be dismissed for want of prosecution or for failure to prosecute.
Originally, an organized conspiracy to commit extortion. Today, punishable offense created by Congress aimed at eradicating organized crime by providing for enhanced sanctions and new remedies to be used in dealing with the illegal activities of persons involved in organized crime.
Sex without consent. May be forcible or by intoxication, with a person who is underage and unable to give consent, or with a person with diminished mental and/or physical capabilities.
Receiving Stolen Property
A crime at common law that property be stolen by someone other than the person being charged with receiving it; that the person receiving it has actually received the property or aided in concealing it; that the person has knowledge that the property has been stolen; (in some jurisdictions) that the person received it with wrongful intent.
Careless, inattentive to duty; foolishly heedless of danger; rash adventurous, indifferent to consequences; mindless; very negligent.
Refers to conduct without concern for consequences or danger. Compare negligence.
An act that does or could cause injury to another, not necessarily with intent.
To return an individual to custody pending further trial, or to return a case from an appellate to a lower court for further proceedings.
Remedying the Effects of Identity Theft
Prepared by the Federal Trade Commission, this document must be given to applicants/employees who believe they are victims of identity theft. The current (and only) version of this document was released on 11/19/04.
A person who has been admitted to permanent resident status but has not been granted citizenship.
Payment made by a defendant to a victim as reimbursement for monetary losses incurred as a result of the crime.
An order granted without notice or hearing, demanding the preservation of the status quo until a hearing can be held to determine the propriety of injunctive relief, temporary or permanent. A restraining order is always temporary, since it is granted pending a hearing; it is often called a TRO, a temporary restraining order.
Retired (as Disposition)
The case can be brought up within the next year is the individual is arrested for anything. It is the judge's decision and only he can take action. If the individual remains clean, then the case can be dismissed.
Forcible stealing; the felonious taking of property from the person of another by violence or by putting him in fear.
Sealing of Records
The sealing of records, permitted in some states with respect to youthful offenders, so that only the court may examine such records.
Search and Seizure
A police practice whereby a person or place is searched and evidence useful in the investigation and prosecution of the crime is seized. The search and seizure is constitutionally limited by the
A partial divorce decree, usually entered in the course of divorce proceedings, which directs the parties to live separately but does not dissolve the marriage.
Sexual Abuse/Sex Abuse
the forcing of undesired sexual acts by one person to another such as rape or sexual assault.
A halt in the judicial proceedings where, by its order, the court will not take further action until the occurrence of some event.
Stay of Execution
Process whereby a judgment is precluded from being executed for a specific period.
The case is placed on an inactive status for a period of time, provided that the defendants, or both parties, agree to abide by certain conditions, after which the case will be dismissed. If the defendant does not abide by those conditions, the case may be set for trial.
Threat to commit any crime of violence with the purpose to terrorize another or threat to commit a crime of violence with the purpose to cause evacuation of a building, place of assembly or facility.
Theft by using someone else's information, credit card, check, or something similar.
A wrong; a private or civil wrong or injury resulting from a breach of a legal duty that exists by virtue of society's expectations regarding interpersonal conduct rather than by contract or other private relationship.
1. In common law, a form of action instituted to recover damages for any unlawful injury to plaintiff's person, property or rights, involving immediate force or violence; 2. The violent act that causes such injury; 3. Most common a wrongful interference with the possession of property and is applied to personal property as well as to realty.
Under the Influence of Intoxicating Liquor or Drugs
Any condition where the nervous system, brain or muscles are impaired to an appreciable degree by an intoxicating substance.
Unlawful detainment The act of holding possession without right, as in the case of a tenant whose lease has expired (landlord/tenant disputes over rent not being paid).
Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)
A code of laws governing various commercial transactions, including the sale of goods, banking transactions, secured transactions in personal property, and other matters, that was designed to bring uniformity in these areas to the laws of the various states, and that has been adapted, with some modification, in all states (except Louisiana) as well as the District of Columbia and in the Virgin Islands. UCC's expire after 5 yrs from time of filing, unless a continuation is filed.
A document provided by the background screening company which must be signed by the employer before the screening company will provide background reports to the employer. This is a requirement under the FCRA.
User of Consumer Reports
An employer who, as part of an employment decision, considers the information in a background report.
Death of another caused by the intentional, unlawful or negligent operation of a motor vehicle.
The geographic area where the case or claim occurred, within which a court with jurisdiction can hear and determine a case. A change of venue, or the moving of a case from one court to another may be granted for such reasons as when the court does not think the defendant can get a fair trial in that area or for the convenience of the parties in a civil case.
The opinion rendered by a jury, or a judge where there is no jury, on a question of fact. A verdict is not a judicial determination, but rather a finding of fact that the trial court may accept or reject and utilize in formulating its judgment.
Waiver by Magistrate
An intentional and voluntary surrender of some known right, which generally may either result from an express agreement or be inferred from circumstances.
Waiver of Jury
The right to a jury trial is waived and the judge makes the decision of guilt or innocence
Wanton Reckless, malicious
Without regard for the rights of others, indifferent to consequences to health, life or the reputation of another. Usually done without intent, but an act so unreasonable the perpetrator should know that harm would result.
A written order from a competent authority directing the doing a certain act, especially one directing the arrest of a person or persons, issued by a court, body or official.
The unlawful sale, distribution, manufacture, alteration, transport, possession or use of a deadly or dangerous weapon.
With Specifications (W/S)
When W/S is listed after a charge, it is usually followed with a description of violence involved with the charge.
Work Release Program
Program that allows a prisoner to work at paid employment or participate in a training program in the community on a voluntary basis while continuing as a prisoner of the institution or facility which he/she is committed.
Writ of Execution (in a civil matter)
A routine court order by which the court attempts to enforce the judgment granted a plaintiff, by authorizing a sheriff to levy on the property belonging to the judgment debtor.
Classification of youths and young adults, generally older then juveniles. In the 18 to 25 year age group, these individuals are sometimes given special sentencing consideration for the purpose of rehabilitation, sometimes through education and counseling.